Ubuntu_16.04 [SOLVED]: Moving to a new drive

Ubuntu_16.04 [SOLVED]: Moving to a new drive

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  • #36819

    Anonymous

    QuestionQuestion

    I got a 240GB SSD for Christmas, as well as external casing for a hard drive. I have a laptop with a 500GB hard drive on it, and it’s quite close to full.
    Right now, I have Windows 10 and Ubuntu on my HDD, inside my laptop, and a fresh install of Ubuntu on the SSD, connected externally. I want to have Ubuntu on the SSD, which will be connected internally. I’m not yet sure what I’m going to do with Windows, but I will probably need access to it rather soon.

    Should I (once again) copy the old Linux partition to the SSD, and run Boot Repair on it from a Live USB? I didn’t know about Boot Repair until today or yesterday, so I’m halfway through copying over my Home folder by now.
    I don’t want to waste time with it if it won’t work, but if it did, it would keep my programs and settings intact, and would be worth the time.

    So, would it work?

    lsblk output:

    NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
    loop1    7:1    0   115M  1 loop  /snap/vlc/4
    sdb      8:16   0 223.6G  0 disk  
    ??sdb4   8:20   0 220.3G  0 part  /media/joeyubuntu/ae1867d3-bd73-4bd6-96df-93a0
    ??sdb2   8:18   0   512M  0 part  
    ??sdb3   8:19   0   2.8G  0 part  
    loop8    7:8    0 193.5M  1 loop  /snap/vlc/65
    loop6    7:6    0  83.1M  1 loop  /snap/core/3247
    loop4    7:4    0   121M  1 loop  /snap/discord/38
    loop2    7:2    0  83.7M  1 loop  /snap/core/3440
    loop0    7:0    0   121M  1 loop  /snap/discord/41
    sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk  
    ??sda4   8:4    0    25G  0 part  
    ??sda2   8:2    0    16M  0 part  
    ??sda9   8:9    0   2.8G  0 part  [SWAP]
    ??sda7   8:7    0  1000M  0 part  
    ??sda5   8:5    0  1000M  0 part  
    ??sda3   8:3    0 371.1G  0 part  /media/joeyubuntu/Windows
    ??sda1   8:1    0   260M  0 part  /boot/efi
    ??sda8   8:8    0  45.7G  0 part  /
    ??sda6   8:6    0    19G  0 part  
      ??cryptswap1
           253:0    0    19G  0 crypt [SWAP]
    loop7    7:7    0 113.6M  1 loop  /snap/blender-tpaw/3
    loop5    7:5    0  83.8M  1 loop  /snap/core/3604
    loop3    7:3    0 204.8M  1 loop  /snap/discord/32`
    

    #36820

    Anonymous

    Accepted AnswerAnswer

    First partition your new disk. Use /dev/disk/by-id/ instead of /dev/sdX so you don’t make mistakes.

    sudo apt-get install gdisk partclone    
    lsblk -o NAME,VENDOR,MODEL    
    sudo gdisk /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber
    

    Take note that usb-modelnamenumber is a placeholder for your device which will be named by its model number and the interface its connected on like usb.

    o
    

    to create a new GPT partition table.

    n
    

    to add new partitions

    1 EFI System 256MiB
    2 Linux       60GiB
    3 Windows    140GiB
    4 Data        20GiB
    5 Swap      ~3.6GiB
    

    add these by using the defaults for the first two prompts in gdisk partition number and first sector. Then for last sector and file system type use this syntax for each partition in order firs the last sector then the fstype:

    +256M
    ef00
    
    +60G
    8300
    
    +140G
    0700
    
    +20G
    8300
    

    Then for the last one just use the default which will be the rest of the disk just slightly under 3.6GiB. And use 8200 for the file system type.

    Then write changes to disk with w:

    sudo mkfs.vfat -F32 /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part1
    sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part2
    sudo mkfs.ntfs -f /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part3
    sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part4
    sudo mkswap /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part5
    

    You will need to go into Windows and shrink the Windows partition from disk management. Further you will need to restart you Ubuntu and from GRUB run in recovery mode. Then chroot /target Before running the following.

    sudo partclone.fat32 -b -s /dev/sda1 -o /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part1
    sudo partclone.ext4 -b -s /dev/sda8 -o /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part2
    sudo partclone.ntfs -b -s /dev/sda3 -o /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part3
    

    After this you can return to normal Ubuntu.

    It’s not clear what sda2,4,5,6,7 are.

    sudo mount /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part2 /mnt
    sudo mount /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part1 /mnt/boot/efi
    

    Open /etc/fstab and change UUIDs because you copied this from an existing drive. They will be in a table where UUID=[UUID] is placed for each device. Replace the [UUID] part.

    lsblk -o UUID /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part1
    

    For /boot/efi:

    lsblk -o UUID /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part2
    

    For /:

    lsblk -o UUID /dev/disk/by-id/usb-modelnamenumber-part5
    

    For swap:

    sudo grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --boot-directory=/mnt/boot --efi-directory==/mnt/boot/efi --bootloader-id="UbuntuSSD"
    sudo grub-mkconfig -o /mnt/boot/grub/grub.cfg
    sudo umount /mnt/*
    

    After you’ve done this you should have two working systems depending on if you pick Ubuntu or UbuntuSSD. At this point you’d want to test if it works.

    Source: https://askubuntu.com/questions/990082/moving-to-a-new-drive
    Author: jdwolf
    Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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